The relationship among food safety knowledge, attitudes and self-reported HACCP practices in restaurant employees
Posted: July 5th, 2012 - 1:26pm
Source: Food Control, Volume 29, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 192–197
This study investigates relationships among food safety knowledge, attitudes and hazard analysis critical control point (HACCP) practices in restaurant employees in Taiwan. The authors administered a baseline questionnaire to 542 restaurant employees to assess their food safety knowledge, attitude and HACCP practices. A total of 421 valid questionnaires were returned and used in analysis. Mean scores for each survey item were calculated and used in a structural equation model (SEM) designed to assess interrelationships between the three. Participants scored an average 84.7% correct in food safety knowledge, with highest and lowest correct scores in, respectively, the food poisoning and good hygienic practices (GHP) constructs. The highest score in the attitude section was “concern for food safety” followed by “self-improvement.” With the exception of the food poisoning construct, this study found correlations among knowledge, attitude, and HACCP practices, with attitude mediating the relationship between knowledge and HACCP practices. The implications of these findings are discussed.
► The average correct percent for knowledge of food safety was 84.7%. ► The highest attitude score was “concern for food safety”, followed “self-improvement”. ► Food safety attitude mediated the relationship between food safety knowledge and HACCP practices.