Occurrence of Listeria spp. in dairy plants in Southern Italy and molecular subtyping of isolates using AFLP
Posted: July 2nd, 2012 - 8:48am
Source: Food Control, Volume 29, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 91–97
We report the detection of Listeria spp. and Listeria monocytogenes in 34 dairy plants. In total, 547 of food, product contact surface and floor drain samples were collected along the product lines. Nineteen cheese factories (55.8%) were contaminated by Listeria spp. Of these 20.6% were L. monocytogenes positive. Listeria spp. was found in 6.8% of food samples, 11.3% of product contact surfaces and 40.6% of floor drains. L. monocytogenes was found in 2.4% of food samples, 4.9% of product contact surfaces and 18.8% of floor drains. Twentyfive L. monocytogenes isolates were serotyped using commercial specific antisera and genotyped using Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism (AFLP) analysis. AFLP genotyping discriminated the four species of Listeria isolated and different genotypes for each species, moreover it could identify persistent genotypes in some dairy facilities. Listeria spp. and L. monocytogenes are widely spread in the dairy sector and probably contaminate foods during the production process. Facility-based monitoring can identify possible routes of transmission and thus allow establishment of more effective strategies to prevent food contamination.