Effect of pressure, depressurization rate and pressure cycling on the inactivation of Escherichia coli by supercritical carbon dioxide
Posted: July 2nd, 2012 - 8:35am
Source: Food Control, Volume 29, Issue 1, January 2013, Pages 76–81
This work is focused on the use of supercritical carbon dioxide to inactivate the pathogenic Escherichia coli. For this purpose, the experimental design methodology was employed to evaluate the effects of pressure (8–28 MPa), depressurization rate (1–11 MPa min−1) and pressure cycling (1–5 cycles) on the microorganism inactivation using the static-synthetic method in a variable-volume reactor. The number of pressure cycles and system pressure showed a significant influence on E. coli inactivation with supercritical CO2, indicating that the increase in the number of pressure cycles and system pressure improve inactivation efficiency. Microbial inactivation followed first order reaction kinetics, where the rates increased with increasing pressure from 8 to 16 MPa. The decimal reduction times (D) ranged from 1.03 to 5.35 min. The pressure dependence of the E. coli specific inactivation rates can be described by the z value, which was found to be 11.4. The results reported here may be useful to provide an effective non-thermal sterilization of foods in pilot/industrial scale.
► Development of a non-thermal sterilization that promotes minimal alternation in foods. ► Inactivation of the pathogenic Escherichia coli in supercritical carbon dioxide. ► Inactivation followed first order reaction kinetics in the range of 80–160 bar. ► The decimal reduction times (D) ranged from 1.03 to 5.35 min.