Isolation and lytic activity of the Listeria bacteriophage endolysin LysZ5 against Listeria monocytogenes in soya milk
Posted: February 1st, 2012 - 10:53am
Source: Food Microbiology
The endolysin gene (lysZ5) from the genome of the Listeria monocytogenes phage FWLLm3 was cloned inEscherichia coli and characterized. Comparative sequence analysis revealed that lysZ5 resembled the murein hydrolase ply511 encoded by L. monocytogenes phage A511. The encoded protein LysZ5 had a predicted molecular mass of 35.8 kDa and was expressed in E. coli as an N-terminal fusion protein of 41.5 kDa. Addition of purified fusion protein to lawns of indicator bacteria showed that LysZ5 could lyse L. monocytogenes, L. innocua and L. welshimeri, but not Staphylococcus aureus or Enterococcus faecalis. The purified protein was able to kill L. monocytogenes growing in soya milk, with the pathogen concentration reduced by more than 4 log10 CFU ml−1 after 3 h incubation at 4 °C. As far as we know, this is the first report of a Listeria phage endolysin to control pathogens in soya milk and to demonstrate endolysin activity in foods at refrigeration temperatures. Moreover, LysZ5 may also be useful for biocontrol in other ready-to-eat foods.
► A newly identified phage endolysin rapidly lysed L. monocytogenes in broth at 25°C. ► The endolysin was active against L. monocytogenes in soya milk and control was achieved under refrigeration. ► This is the first report of a cloned phage endolysin active at temperatures used for the chilled storage of foods.